Essential Report

Federal government’s role in increasing employment and jobs

Oct 26, 2021

Q. Which of the following is closer to your view of the federal government’s role in relation to employment and jobs?

  Total Gender Age Group Federal Voting Intention
Male Female 18-34 35-54 55+ Labor TOTAL: Coalition Greens TOTAL: Other
The federal government’s role is to reduce taxes and red tape so businesses can employ more workers 35% 42% 29% 34% 35% 36% 30% 44% 31% 38%
The federal government’s role is to invest behind local industries to create more jobs 44% 44% 43% 40% 43% 47% 49% 42% 48% 46%
Unsure 21% 14% 28% 26% 22% 18% 21% 14% 21% 16%
Base (n) 1,781 875 906 533 601 647 636 610 157 220
  • More people think the federal government’s role is to invest behind local industries to create more jobs than to reduce taxes and red tape so businesses can employ more workers (44% to 35%). 21% are unsure on their preferred role.
  • Men are more likely than women to think the federal government’s role is to reduce taxes and red tape so businesses can employ more workers (42% to 29%).
  • Coalition voters are also more likely to agree with this viewpoint than all other voters combined (44% to 32% respectively).

Best net zero target for jobs

Oct 26, 2021

Q. Which of the following approaches to acting on climate change and reducing emissions do you think will have the most positive long-term effect on jobs?

  Total Gender Age Group Federal Voting Intention
  Male Female 18-34 35-54 55+ Labor TOTAL: Coalition Greens TOTAL: Other
Set a more ambitious target for 2030 35% 36% 34% 34% 35% 36% 43% 27% 55% 32%
Set a net zero target for 2050 29% 32% 26% 37% 29% 23% 31% 32% 27% 26%
Not set any targets for 2030 or 2050 14% 16% 12% 10% 10% 20% 6% 21% 2% 24%
Unsure 22% 16% 28% 19% 26% 21% 20% 19% 15% 18%
Column n 1,781 875 906 533 601 647 636 610 157 220
  • About a third (35%) think setting a more ambitious emissions reduction target for 2030 will have the most positive long-term effect on jobs, while a further 29% think setting a net zero target for 2050 would be best for jobs.
  • 14% think not setting any targets for 2030 or 2050 is best for jobs, and 22% are unsure.
  • Labor voters (43%) and Greens voters (55%) are most likely to think a more ambitious 2030 target will have the most positive long-term effect on jobs.
  • Minor/independent party voters (24%) and Coalition voters (21%) are most likely to think not setting any targets would be best for jobs.
  • Those aged 18-34 are more likely than older cohorts to think setting a net zero target for 2050 is best (37% to 29% of those aged 35-54 and 23% of those over 55).

Biggest Covid-19-related risks for employees

Feb 16, 2021

Q. In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, which of the following risks do you think employees are currently the most vulnerable to?

Please rank each of the following from biggest risk (1) to smallest risk (6).

TOTAL: Biggest risk (Ranked 1)  Total Employment Status
In paid employment Not in paid employment Retired
Having less job security 36% 34% 40% 35%
Working in unsafe conditions 20% 18% 24% 19%
Being exploited by employers (e.g. being expected to work unpaid overtime, working long shifts) 16% 16% 15% 15%
Not receiving a pay increase 10% 12% 6% 13%
Not getting paid fairly 10% 11% 8% 7%
Having limited opportunities for career progression 9% 9% 6% 11%
Base (n) 1,109 552 259 255
  • Considering the Covid-19 pandemic, having less job security is seen as the biggest risk for employees by over a third (36%) of people.
  • Working in unsafe conditions is seen as the next biggest risk (20%), followed by being exploited by employers (16%).
  • Those not in paid employment are most likely to rate job security (40%) and unsafe conditions (24%) as the biggest risk to employees.

Economy: Direct investment vs trickle-down approach

Oct 6, 2020

Q. Which of the following is closest to your view on the best way to create jobs and grow the economy?

  Total Gender Age Group
  Male Female 18-34 35-54 55+
The government should directly invest in the economy by creating projects and jobs, and raise the standard of living for the majority of workers 69% 67% 70% 57% 66% 81%
The government should relax regulation and lower taxes for the wealthy to encourage businesses to grow and create jobs 19% 23% 14% 28% 20% 10%
Unsure 13% 9% 16% 15% 14% 9%
Base (n) 1,066 531 535 340 341 385

 

  Total Federal Voting Intention
  Labor Liberal + National Greens TOTAL: Other
The government should directly invest in the economy by creating projects and jobs, and raise the standard of living for the majority of workers 69% 72% 66% 77% 75%
The government should relax regulation and lower taxes for the wealthy to encourage businesses to grow and create jobs 19% 17% 22% 19% 17%
Unsure 13% 11% 12% 5% 8%
Base (n) 1,066 332 433 91 111
  • There is a majority preference for the government to directly invest in creating jobs and growing the economy.
  • 69% opted for direct investment, while 19% preferred deregulation and lower taxes. 13% were unsure between the two options.
  • There was no difference in the support for direct investment between men and women (67% to 70%), but men were more likely to select deregulation (23% to 14%).
  • There were no differences in preference between voters of Coalition or Labor, with the majority of each all favouring direct investment (72% of Labor voters, 66% of Coalition voters).

Employment and Job prospects – Long-term unemployed

May 19, 2020

Q. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about looking for work when the Covid-19 restrictions are eased?

THOSE WHO WERE UNEMPLOYED BEFORE COVID-19 AND WILL BE LOOKING FOR EMPLOYMENT ONCE RESTRICTIONS ARE LIFTED (n=135)

  TOTAL:

Agree

TOTAL: Disagree Strongly agree Somewhat agree Neither agree, nor disagree Somewhat disagree Strongly disagree
I’m confident I’ll be able to find a well-paying job in my field at my level of experience 29% 43% 6% 23% 28% 21% 22%
I’m confident there will be many appropriate jobs for me 25% 45% 6% 19% 31% 21% 24%
  • 43% of people who were unemployed before the Covid-19 outbreak disagree that they’ll be able to find a well-paying job in their field at their level of experience and 45% disagree there will be appropriate jobs for them.

Importance of industries

Feb 18, 2014

Q. How important are the following industries for providing jobs for Australians into the future?

 

Very important

Quite important

Somewhat important

Not very important

Don’t know

 

Very important Feb 2012

Construction

58%

30%

9%

1%

3%

58%

Agriculture

57%

27%

12%

2%

3%

Manufacturing

55%

26%

12%

4%

3%

55%

Tourism

53%

31%

11%

3%

2%

53%

Mining

52%

29%

13%

4%

2%

64%

Retail

46%

35%

14%

2%

2%

47%

Hospitality

45%

37%

14%

2%

2%

46%

Finance

40%

34%

19%

3%

4%

39%

Telecommunications

37%

37%

19%

4%

3%

39%

Respondents regard the construction (58%), agriculture (57%) and manufacturing (55%) industries to be the most important for providing jobs for Australians in the future. These were followed closely by the tourism (53%) and mining (52%) industries.

Since this question was last asked in February 2012, those think mining is very important for future jobs has dropped from 64% to 52%.

Job security

Mar 26, 2012

Q. How concerned are you that you or some member of your immediate family will lose their job in the next year or so: very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not at all concerned? 

 

8 Jun

09

5 Oct

09

28 Jun 10

18 Oct 10

4 Apr

11

4 Jul

11

3 Oct

11

26 Mar 12

Vote Labor

Vote Lib/Nat

Vote Greens

Total concerned

52%

49%

43%

40%

43%

45%

47%

49%

43%

55%

34%

Very concerned

13%

14%

9%

11%

11%

13%

14%

13%

9%

16%

8%

Somewhat concerned

39%

35%

34%

29%

32%

32%

33%

36%

34%

39%

26%

Not at all concerned

35%

40%

38%

42%

43%

39%

37%

36%

44%

31%

51%

Don’t know

6%

6%

12%

10%

8%

8%

7%

8%

6%

7%

9%

No employees in the immediate family

8%

5%

7%

7%

7%

7%

7%

7%

7%

6%

6%

Concern over job security has risen slightly since the last time the question was polled, increasing 2 points up from 47% in October 2011 to 49% (total concerned).

In the 12 months from April 2011, total concern has increased from 43% to 49%.

Coalition voters are the most likely to be concerned that they or a member of their immediately family will lose their job in the next year or so (55% total concerned), whereas Greens voters are less likely to be concerned (34% total concerned).

There were no major differences across income or age groups – except for the under 25’s where 41% were concerned and 48% not at all concerned.

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Importance of Industries for Providing Jobs

Feb 20, 2012

Q. How important are the following industries for providing jobs for Australians into the future?

Very important Quite important Somewhat important Not very important Don’t know
Mining 64% 24% 7% 2% 3%
Construction 58% 30% 9% 0% 2%
Manufacturing 55% 29% 12% 2% 2%
Tourism 53% 33% 11% 1% 2%
Retail 47% 35% 13% 2% 2%
Hospitality 46% 38% 12% 1% 3%
Finance 39% 38% 18% 3% 3%
Telecommunications 39% 37% 18% 3% 3%

Respondents regard the mining (64%), construction (58%) and manufacturing (55%) industries to be the most important for providing jobs for Australians in the future.

This was followed closely by the tourism (53%), retail (47%) and hospitality (46%) industries.

The finance (39%) and telecommunications (39%) industries are the most likely to be seen as only ‘somewhat important’ (18%) for providing jobs.

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